Description 35-45" Brownish body with
white cheek patch.
Habitat Lakes, bays, rivers, and marshes.
Often feeds in open grasslands and stubble
Nesting 4-8 whitish eggs in a large mass
of grass and moss lined with down; usually
on the ground near water or on a muskrat
lodge, but sometimes in a tree in an
abandoned Osprey or Bald Eagle nest.
Range Breeds from Alaska east to Baffin
Island and south to California, Illinois, and
Massachusetts. Winters south to northern
Mexico and Gulf Coast. Widespread as a
semi-domesticated bird in city parks and on
Voice Rich musical honking.
Discussion Well known for their V-shaped
migrating flocks and rich, sonorous honking,
Canada Geese are among the most familiar
of North America's waterfowl. There were
formerly 11 geographical races recognized,
but the smaller races have recently been
established as a separate species, called the
Cackling Goose .
The larger races, ranging in size from the
"Giant Canada Goose" of the northern prairies
to the much smaller "Lesser," remain part of
the Canada Goose complex. The most
abundant race is the one that nests south of
Hudson Bay, which numbers well over a
million. Like other geese, these birds are
chiefly grazers, feeding on stubble fields and
eating marsh vegetation.
Increasingly tolerant of humans, some
Canadas even nest in city parks and suburbs.
They are especially noticeable in late summer
and early fall, when they form molting flocks
on golf courses and large lawns; at such
times, they have come to be regarded as